GME +GLOBAL MINING MACHINE

How Is The Land Rehabilitation After Coal Mining

Finding better outcomes for land after mining | Newcastle ...

Apr 08, 2018· A tour of Western Australia southeast of Perth can include the Collie Lake District with its 16 or so pit lakes, the result of open-cut coal mining in the region.

Mine Rehabilitation - Case Studies | Minerals Council of ...

Australian mining companies understand land rehabilitation is part of responsible mining. We recognise our responsibility as a temporary custodian of land. Mine rehabilitation is highly regulated, better implemented and more accountable than ever before. The industry’s approach to land rehabilitation has improved significantly over past decades.

What Happens to the Land After Coal Mines Close? | DeSmogBlog

Mar 25, 2018· U.S. coal production has fallen a third in the past decade, and the Energy Information Administration projects stagnation in the industry. More than a million acres have been affected by coal mining. As more mines close, what happens to this land will define the fortunes of the communities that grew around the industry.

Financial Provisions for Rehabilitation and Closure in ...

mine drainage (AMD) have highlighted the need for improved environmental maintenance and rehabilitation in the mining sector. These concerns give rise to questions about the availability of funds to manage the impacts of mining and the adequacy of financial provisions made by mining companies for rehabilitation.

What happens to the land after coal mines close?

US coal production has fallen a third in the past decade, and the Energy Information Administration projects stagnation in the industry. More than a million acres have been affected by coal mining. As more mines close, what happens to this land will define the fortunes of the communities that grew around the industry.

Returning Mined Land to Productivity Through Reclamation ...

By Jason Hayes Associate Director, American Coal Council Editor-in-Chief, American Coal Magazine. Nearly 8.2 billion tonnes of coal were produced globally in 2014. 1 Although a great deal of activity occurs around the extraction of coal, a limited amount of land is disturbed during mining compared to total landmass. For example, Natural Resources Canada has estimated that less than 0.01% of ...

Surface-strip coal mine land rehabilitation planning in ...

A maturity model for surface-strip coal mine land rehabilitation planning is presented. • The model was applied to mine rehabilitation guidelines and approval reports. • Guidelines and approval reports are vulnerable to adequate, but not yet resilient. • Legislation may be contributing to immaturity for some aspects of planning. •

Rehabilitating old mining sites - Mining Technology

Nov 20, 2013· New Zealand coal mining company Solid Energy has developed a new method of using biosolids to rehabilitate old mining sites. By loading replaced topsoil with nutrients, post-mining plant growth can be accelerated and the severe environmental effects of the mining …

Land rehabilitation - Wikipedia

Land rehabilitation is the process of returning the land in a given area to some degree of its former state, after some process (industry, natural disasters, etc.) has resulted in its damage.Many projects and developments will result in the land becoming degraded, for example mining, farming and forestry

The new approach to mining rehabilitation - ABC News ...

Feb 16, 2017· Lateline's Ginny Stein travelled to the New South Wales town of Muswellbrook, home to the state's largest open cut coal mine, and where two very different approaches to land rehabilitation …

Rehabilitation of coal mine area: a case from Bisrampur ...

Rehabilitation of coal mine area: a case from Bisrampur Colliery, Chhattisgarh, India. ... The present study will help in evolving indicators for land rehabilitation and sustainable development.

Mine rehabilitation in the Australian minerals industry

Mine rehabilitation in the Australian minerals industry 7. Coal & Allied’s rehabilitation of alluvial . lands in the Hunter Valley is the first trial of its kind in New South Wales to demonstrate that alluvial land used for mining can be rehabilitated to match the crop production levels of nearby farms. After three years of . …

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 - Wikipedia

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977; Long title: An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes.

how is the land rehabilitation after coal mining

Coal mining is only a temporary use of land, so it is vital that rehabilitation of land takes place once mining operations have stopped. In best practice a detailed rehabilitation or reclamation plan is designed and approved for each coal mine, covering the period from the start of operations until well after mining has finished.

Reclamation | Land Recovery | Sunrise Coal, Indiana

Reclamation legislation requires that after a mine is closed, the land is recovered and returned to its pre-mined state, or the facilities are sold to another business. Specific taxes and bonds are collected in a mine area to assist with reclamation if a mine company is unable to reclaim the land itself.

Rehabilitation requirements for mining projects EM1122

In general there is a higher risk of future environmental harm after the mine closes if the strategies listed lower in the hierarchy are adopted. However a “lower value” land use may be more sustainable in terms of preventing off-site impacts, especially if the post-mining land use makes an economic return that is sufficient to maintain

South Africa: Days of Coal Mines Are Numbered | Pulitzer ...

Mar 29, 2017· With no legal power to deny mining on his property, Vos has a second coal mine on his farm that feeds the nearby Camden power station. He has not seen any rehabilitation at a third mine since operations abruptly halted six months ago, while a fourth mine is set to begin operations on his property, as contract details are being finalised.

POST-MINING REHABILITATION, LAND USE AND POLLUTION …

Sustainable Development in the life of coal mining in South Africa Limpitlaw, Aken, Lodewijks & Viljoen Presented at the Colloquium: Sustainable Development in the Life of Coal Mining, Boksburg, 13 July, 2005 POST-MINING REHABILITATION, LAND USE AND POLLUTION AT COLLIERIES IN SOUTH AFRICA D. Limpitlaw1, M. Aken2, H. Lodewijks2 and J. Viljoen3

What should we do with Australia’s 50,000 abandoned mines?

Jul 23, 2014· Corinne Unger is a Churchill Fellow who undertook research into leading practice abandoned mine rehabilitation and post-mining land use in Europe and Canada during 2009. ... up 300 abandoned coal ...

Mine Rehabilitation Discussion Paper - NSW Department of ...

In practice mining rehabilitation can cover a range of activities, such as demolition of infrastructure, remediation of contaminated land, establishing a final land form and re–vegetation. Rehabilitation can be carried out both during mining operations and after operations have ended.

Coal Reclamation | Improving Land after Surface Mining ...

Coal Reclamation. Coal mine reclamation is the rehabilitation of land after coal mining operations have stopped. It is a requirement of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and one for reclaiming abandoned mine …

Mine assessment and rehabilitation - NSW Resources and ...

Mine rehabilitation. Rehabilitation as defined by the Mining Act means the treatment or management of disturbed land or water for the purpose of establishing a safe and stable environment. This relates to both exploration and mining projects where the land is restored to a …

COAL MINE REHABILITATION - Glencore Australia

rehabilitate and restore mined land progressively during the mine life as well as after mining activities have finished. There are social and economic factors behind this focus on progressive rehabilitation. First and foremost, Governments and the communities in which we operate expect mining companies to deliver progressive, quality ...

Strip Mining: A Destructive Way of Coal Extraction ...

Mar 12, 2017· Problems with ecosystem recovery after strip mining Some other data is equally concerning when it comes to how much companies invest in regenerating the land that has been destroyed by mining. In China, coal mining degraded the quality of 3.2 million hectares of land, but total mine wasteland was restored at a rate of only 10%.

CORNERSTONE VOLUME 3 ISSUE 4 THE OFFICIAL JOURNAL …

around the extraction of coal, a limited amount of land is disturbed during mining compared to total landmass. For example, Natural Resources Canada has estimated that less than 0.01% of Canada’s total landmass was used in metal and mineral mining in over 100 years.2 Similarly, Haigh estimated that mining affected 0.16% of the U.S.landmass ...

After the mining, what's next? Overseas mine ...

In Victoria's Latrobe Valley, the Hazelwood brown coal mine is closed. In the NT, the Ranger uranium mine is due to shut down in four years' time. They're very different mines, but with the same ...

Coal mine reclamation - SourceWatch

Coal mine reclamation is the rehabilitation of land after coal mining operations have stopped. It is a requirement of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977.. As mining operations cease bulldozers and scrapers are used to reshape the disturbed area. Reclamation should allow for the area to be resistant to soil erosion and, based on the soil requirements, fertilized and ...

Mine reclamation - Wikipedia

Reclamation processes. As part of the life cycle of a surface coal mine, completed mine areas must undergo rehabilitation.When mining ends, operators must restore the land to its approximate original contour (AOC) or leave the land graded and suitable for a “higher and better” post-mining land use (PMLU) that has been approved as part of the original mining permit application.

GUIDELINES FOR THE REHABILITATION OF INED AND

In South Africa, a guideline for the rehabilitation of land disturbed by surface coal mining was first published by the Chamber of Mines in 1981. This provided excellent guidance for coal strip mine rehabilitation, but both legal requirements and rehabilitation objectives and procedures have changed considerably over the last twenty-five years.

Mining and the Environment: What Happens When A Mine Closes?

The OSMRE’s mission statement asserts, “Our primary objectives are to ensure that coal mines are operated in a manner that protects citizens and the environment during mining and assures that the land is restored to beneficial use following mining, and to mitigate the effects of past mining by aggressively pursuing reclamation of abandoned ...

Case Studies of Successfully Reclaimed Mining Sites ...

What’s Involved. Using best practices to reclaim mining lands after a mine has been closed comes at a cost—an estimated US$1.5 million per mine. 1 The way this money is spent is based, in part, on how the land will be used, which is often determined after consultation with the local government, NGOs, land owners, and others. The steps for the land reclamation process can include: 1

Mining rehabilitation reforms (Department of Environment ...

Nov 14, 2018· Progressive rehabilitation and closure of mined land. The Mineral Resources and Energy (Financial Provisioning) Act 2018 amends the Environmental Protection Act 1994 to implement key elements of the Mined Land Rehabilitation Policy (PDF, 1.3M) and introduce the new requirement for a Progressive Rehabilitation and Closure Plan (PRC plan).

Environmental Impact of mining Flashcards | Quizlet

Coal fly ash is what remains after the coal has been combusted, so it consists of the incombustible materials that are found in the coal. Coal is a sedimentary rock formed primarily from accumulated plant matter, and it includes many inorganic minerals and elements which were deposited along with organic material during its formation.

Reclamation - Blaschak Coal

In the last twenty years, Blaschak Coal Corp. has mined and day-lighted over 1,000 acres of abandoned anthracite coal mines. If one were to apply a current cost of $30,000 per acre for reclaiming these acres through the Abandoned Mine Land program, the end result would total a savings of $30,000,000.

Coal mine site reclamation - usea.org

activities and the subsequent rehabilitation of the land. Erickson (1995) published a review of international policies for coal mine planning and reclamation which is still being cited today. Relevant information from this review is cited below. The requirements for the rehabilitation of the land following closure of the mine will commonly be

Coal mining | World Coal Association

Coal mining is only a temporary use of land, so it is vital that rehabilitation of land takes place once mining operations have stopped. In best practice a detailed rehabilitation or reclamation plan is designed and approved for each coal mine, covering the period from the start of operations until well after mining has finished.